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Initial operational capacity for Space situational awareness C2 and sensors

Digital, Industry and Space
€100 Million
Development Action

Space Situational Awareness (SSA) has become a key strategic and operational function to ensure access to space and for the provision of adequate support to space-enabled missions and operations. The development of an autonomous, sovereign EU military SSA capability enhancing and complementing the currently available Space Surveillance and Tracking capabilities in Europe is an enabler to ensure appropriate identification, characterisation and response to natural and man-made (including hostile) threats.


-Strengthening capability of the network of national space surveillance capabilities

-Complement activities already requested under previous EDIDP calls


-Developing technologies and products improving military space situational awareness in Europe

-Foster advanced development of components and system level technologies and products (including qualification for some parts) thus leading to a European military SSA initial operational capability

-Leveraging enhanced ground- and space-based sensors and state-of-the-art command and control, data management and processing

Digital, Industry and Space
€5 Million
Innovation Action

In 2017, 25% of land in Southern, Central and Eastern Europe was estimated to be at high or very high risk of desertification. Risks are likely to increase as a consequence of accelerating climate change and continued pressures from land use, both in Europe and beyond. Desertification not only reduces agricultural productivity but also leads to loss of biodiversity, of organic carbon and of other land-based ecosystem services. Desertification further amplifies global warming through the release of CO2 linked with the decrease in vegetation cover. It has severe environmental, social and economic consequences.

-Synthesise evidence on and assess drivers for land degradation at a large scale using models, and land management action alternatives (scenarios) to alleviate those pressures
-Demonstrate and promote measures for reducing and reversing desertification, taking into account changing climatic conditions, diverse land use (also beyond agriculture) and different scales of actions
-Specifically for agriculture: Identify and demonstrate farming systems which are more resilient and are suitable for combatting desertification while sustaining ecosystem services
-Analyse incentives and obstacles for the widespread uptake of prevention and restoration measures

-The drivers and impacts (particularly socio-economic ones) of land degradation of natural and agricultural systems in arid areas (as well as areas becoming increasingly arid) are more effectively addressed
-Locally/regionally adapted, economically viable solutions for the prevention of soil desertification and for the restoration of degraded land (soil protection measures that help retain water and reduce water needs, improve management of soil organic matter, avoid salinisation and increase resilience to droughts) are applied in selected sites
-Access for land managers everywhere to such solutions and to information about the conditions under which they are effective is facilitated.

Digital, Industry and Space
€20 Million
Innovation Action

“Authorities performing surveillance of maritime borders and maritime wide areas use a range of technologies, and receive a range of information, to monitor wide areas, detect threats or crises, and respond to them. However, these inputs are not always merged into common command-and-control (C2) systems that can inform rapid decision-making. The proposed solution(s) should allow improved interoperability (at both back-end and front-end levels), independently of the supplier of the equipment, and ideally interchangeability that enables exchange of information among authorities that use different systems.

-Include the design of open architecture C2 systems, including open standards for APIs and data models
-Enable simultaneous connection of different sensors (or of different data, or of different assets, depending by the module) by different suppliers, the flexible tasking and monitoring of surveillance assets like RPAS, and the visualization and manipulation of the data in a single user interface in a seamless way. This will support practitioners to exploit their technology stack in an agnostic way
-Allow for seamless connectivity between C2 systems from different authorities, and at different coordination levels; include cybersecurity measures and information access segregation capabilities; include concepts of operation, standard operating procedures and common lexicon for joint operations using interoperable systems through the proposed solution(s)

-Increased border surveillance capability, better performing and more cost-efficient, with data and fundamental rights protection by design
-Improved surveillance and situational awareness of sea borders, but also of maritime infrastructures as harbours and commercial and civilian maritime security, including in key areas such as the Arctic
-Improved multi-level, multi-authority and cross-border (among Member States and Associated Countries practitioners) collaboration thanks to better interoperability of sensing, analysis and C2 systems”

Digital, Industry and Space
€15 Million
Innovation Action

This joint topic relates to the Adaptation to Climate Change Mission’s third objective, aiming to support at least 75 full-scale deep demonstrations of climate resilience, to Mission Ocean, & waters’ objective 1, protection and restoration of marine and freshwater ecosystems and biodiversity and objective 2 – prevent and eliminate pollution of marine and freshwaters. The topic also relates to several specific objectives of the Mission “A Soil Deal for Europe”, including to reduce soil degradation and soil sealing and to prevent erosion.

-Contribute to the networking and coordination activities and joint activities of the three Missions, including establishing links with the projects funded under the Horizon 2020, the European Green Deal call and under Horizon Europe, when particularly relevant. for climate adaptation knowledge and solutions
-Include a mechanism and resources to establish links with the Implementation Support Platform of Mission Ocean and Waters and build links with other activities of this to maximize synergies, including with the EU Macro-regional Strategies and regions
-Include a mechanism and resources to establish links with the Implementation Platform of Mission Soil Deal for Europe
-Support the Ocean and Water Knowledge System, in particular by contributing to knowledge creation and data.

-Demonstrate effective and inclusive integrated multi-stakeholder approaches to the management of landscape, soil, water, vegetation at a regional level to increase the resilience of the area to climate change impacts on soils, water, habitats and biodiversity
-Demonstrate effective nature-based solutions and ecological approaches to increase landscape water retention capacity, including soil water retention capacity
-Enhance implementation of the European Green Deal, the EU Adaptation Strategy, the EU Biodiversity Strategy, EU legislation for the protection of freshwaters (such as EU Water Framework Directive and EU Groundwater Directive;) and the EU Soil Strategy for 2030

Digital, Industry and Space
€8 Million
Innovation Action

In line with Farm to Fork Strategy, the Biodiversity Strategy for 2030, the Soil Strategy for 2030 and the EU Action Plan: ‘Towards Zero Pollution for Air, Water and Soil’, proposals should demonstrate scalable breakthrough innovations (technological, business, social and governance) to reduce fertilizer use and to prevent and minimise soil and water pollution from excess nutrients (especially nitrogen and phosphorus) in the landscape-river catchment-sea system, including coastal ecosystems, in the Mediterranean Sea basin.

-Upstream prevention/reduction of nutrient losses from soil and pollution with nutrients of soil and water, such as through reduction in the use of fertilizers, improved nutrient retention in soil and slower release to crops, improved nutrient use efficiency, integrated landscape and soil management, reduction of nutrient losses from rural and urban communities
-Prevention of entry of nutrients in river catchments area and/or their reduction, such as reduction of nutrient losses from agricultural and other practices, improved wastewater treatment, use of green filters and other measures for the reduction of the flow of nutrients through the river system and prevention/reduction of their entry into the estuary/sea
-Measures reducing/eliminating excess nutrients from the estuary/sea to reduce and/or eliminate the risk of eutrophication.

-Innovative, reproducible solutions to prevent, minimise and remediate soil and water pollution from excess nutrients (especially nitrogen and phosphorus) in the landscape-river catchment-sea system and transition waters in the Mediterranean Sea basin
-Accelerated uptake of innovative solutions to reduce the use of fertilizers and to prevent, minimize and remediate nutrient pollution and to reduce ocean and inland water eutrophication
-Effective monitoring of nutrient pollution in line with existing methodologies under the Marine Strategy Framework Directive and under the Water Framework Directive

Digital, Industry and Space
€3 Million
Innovation Action

Governmentally authorised user communities have identified use-cases for the Galileo PRS services. The development of test activities for these services are then of utmost relevance in ensuring that the Galileo PRS services are secure and reliable.

-Validation and verification PRS Service (support to the Galileo Programme)
-Testing of PRS Service and PRS items (PRS Participants actions)
-Preparation of the awareness activities and uptake to the authorised users

-Supporting Programme activities related to the validation of the PRS service
-Supporting the defined activities related to testing, validation and introduction by PRS Participants
-Building on top of previous Joint Test Activities
-Fostering cooperation among EU PRS Participants

Digital, Industry and Space
€12 Million
Innovation Action

Proposals will address the complex dynamic of energy consumption and energy efficiency of small fishing vessel fleets and their related operations. Activities should also address good practices in fisheries management allowing fish stock to grow, which will lead to an increase in catch per unit effort and result in fuel consumption reduction per unit of catch. Close cooperation between the fishing community, researchers and other stakeholders is a crucial requirement to ensure that solutions and technologies are suitable for and acceptable by the end-users and economically viable for (often) very small fishing enterprises.

-Identify a set of suitable innovative and sustainable solutions, technologies and practices to be tested, validated and demonstrated in real conditions to reduce emissions and fuel consumption of small fishing vessels (12-15 meter), to increase energy efficiency in on board fishing operations and comply with EU regulatory frameworks

-Enhanced implementation European Green deal objectives and the EU Biodiversity Strategy for 2030
-Reduced fuel consumption and emissions from small fishing vessels and improved energy efficiency in related operations as well as noise pollution
-Accelerated renewal of fleets of small fishing vessels
-Increased users’ choices and responsible user behaviors
-Improved monitoring and understanding on the impact of small-scale fishing fleets on climate change and marine biodiversity

Digital, Industry and Space
€6 Million
Research & Innovation Action

The complexity of soil presents major challenges with regard to the modelling of soil processes. Past efforts have been limited to specific aspects such as individual ecosystem services rather than providing a holistic understanding of soil dynamics including physical, chemical, and biological processes and the interlinkages between ecosystem services. In addition, advances in modelling offers new opportunities to predict the delivery of ecosystem services.

-Improve existing and develop and test new soil models that allow for better and easier integration and reduced uncertainty of soil-related (physical, chemical and biological) processes
-Integrate soil processes modelling for ecosystem services quantification
-Ensure inter-operability between existing databases and integration into Destination Earth and the European Soil Observatory
-Develop specific user cases for soil modelling, e.g. large-scale soil erosion modelling, towards the integration of local sustainable soil management practices or catchment or field scale modelling of nutrient exports (surface-subsurface-groundwater components)

-Enhanced modelling capacity of soil-related processes under Destination Earth
-Enhanced access to comprehensive soil relevant knowledge and data for a wide range of stakeholders and more informed decision making processes related to soil management and policy through relevant data provided by digital modelling of soil processes
-Improved sustainable soil management practices based on an increased understanding of soil-related processes, their synergies and their interlinkages with ecosystem services
-Increased understanding of soil responses to practices under different land uses, climate extremes, dry and rewetting and land cover dynamic at various scales

Digital, Industry and Space
Research & Innovation Action

In the coming years, an increase in the number of active objects in orbit is foreseen (e.g. deployment of mega-constellations, increased number of non-manoeuvrable small objects – SmallSats for research and scientific purposes, etc.). Additionally, the number of objects (active and inactive) to be handled by SST systems will also increase due to the use of sensors with a higher detection capability.

R&I activities on:
-Evolution of the Collision Avoidance service towards a higher responsiveness in the case of risks, and in all phases of the spacecraft life
-Evolution of the EUSST system for debris mitigation in order to reduce space debris generation
-Evolution of the EUSST system for space debris remediation by managing the existing space debris
-Evolution of the EUSST Service Provision Portal in line with the evolution of the existing services and the inclusion of additional new ones

Keep the knowledge and capabilities of Europe on the Space Surveillance and Tracking domain at the leading edge.
-Adapt, improve and evolve the current EUSST initial services (Collision Avoidance; Fragmentation; Re-entry) portfolio to future user needs and space environment.
-Improve the overall performance of the EUSST services and ensure, in the long-term, a high level of performance and appropriate autonomy at Union level.
-Identify and define new missions and services (e.g. debris mitigation; debris remediation).
-Explore the implementation of new services, in complement of the three existing ones.
-Support the pre-developments and end-to-end early demonstration of new SST services.

Digital, Industry and Space
€16 Million
Research Action

The proposals should primarily consist of activities aiming to create, underpin and improve disruptive technologies that can achieve significant effects in the area of defence. Further, the proposals must substantiate their disruptive impact and could address disruptive technologies in any area of interest for defence highlighted below.

Some areas of Interest for Defence:

-Blockchain applications (e.g. for Identification of Friend or Foe)

-Tools and applications improving cybersecurity talents screening

-Artificial intelligence and robotic autonomous systems

-Future naval platform control and management

-Smart damage control related to future naval platforms

-Ship signature management

Upcoming Calls

Digital, Industry and Space
€18 Million
Research & Innovation Action

Photonics – the technology of light – underpins daily life from smartphones to the internet and medical instruments to laser technology. It is an essential building block for the digital transformation of industry and society and for a green and healthy future in Europe.

R&D activities fostering:
-Light-based solutions to let the communication network sense while transporting data
-Light-based solutions to bring internet everywhere, with the most relevant access technologies

-Sensors/probes to monitor the quality of the communication network and of photonic signals transported in the communication network
-Methods to use the network as large-scale distributed sensor
-Development of foundational optical technologies, systems and networks that provide the future access infrastructure

Digital, Industry and Space
€14 Million
Research & Innovation Action

The final objective of this call is to prepare the next phases of the implementation of a Quantum Space Gravimetry pathfinder mission. To achieve this objective, one proposal for a phase B study, as specified in ECSS‐M‐ST‐10C, leading to a preliminary definition of a quantum space gravimetry pathfinder mission, will be selected.

-Covering both quantum space gravimetry payload and satellite platforms
-Implementation of measures that will enhance technological readiness of the critical components leading to TRL 6/7 at the end of the project

-Support the EU space policy and the green deal by providing the detailed definition of a quantum space gravimetry pathfinder mission
-Ensure EU sovereignty and non-dependence for the development of capacities leading to the availability of quantum space gravimetry
-Enhance the TRL of the critical components necessary to build quantum gravimetry for space

Digital, Industry and Space
€4 Million
Research & Innovation Action

Proposals are expected to provide tangible results for the Copernicus service. Proposed research and development should be modular and scalable and should support the automation of different processes orchestration.


-Development of new and innovative methods to integrate current land products into land surface, land use and cover change, and more sophisticated land planning and allocation models for different environment, including through cross services approaches and using all relevant Copernicus service products
-Development of an integrated, harmonized, and coherent product provision system making use of new and innovative methods and observations for an improved portfolio of the current inland and coastal/shore hydrological satellite observation products


-Enhancing quality and efficiency of the Copernicus Land Monitoring service to respond to several Green Deal policy and/or user requirements
-Developing efficient and reliable new product chains, calling for new paradigms in data fusion, data processing and data visualisation essential for the Copernicus Land Service to handle more high-volume satellite data sets and product sets
-Developing a common leading-edge approach across services, and in the area of hydrological modelling services

Civil Security for Society
€8 Million
Research & Innovation Action

Copernicus Security Services provide, today, a valuable contribution to civil security, law enforcement operations and crisis management in Europe as well as in support to its external actions. Technology and space capacities have been evolving significantly, creating opportunities for an increased outreach across a broader spectrum of related applications.


R&D activities fostering:
-Innovative methods and technologies to explore new and enlarged data sets

-Development of applications addressing requirements not currently tackled by the current services.

-Supporting actions towards the evolution and scope of the security services to increase user reach to respond to specific regional needs and increase service added value in user operational scenarios


-Enhanced current service fitness for better response to evolving policy and user requirements
-Enlargement of current service scope
-Enhanced technologies in detection capabilities
-Improved integration of non-space data along end-user intelligence supply chains

Digital, Industry and Space
€5 Million
Coordination and Support Action

Building on the three existing NCP networks of Cluster 4 ‘Digital, Industry and Space’, proposals should facilitate trans-national co-operation amongst National Contact Points (NCPs), encouraging cross-border activities, sharing good practices and raising the general standard of support to programme applicants. Given the importance of human-centric approaches in this cluster, the proposal should attract new types of player to the cluster, for instance social innovation players, makers and youth associations. Appropriate expertise from social sciences and humanities (SSH) should be included.


-Enhanced and professional NCP services in Europe’s respective thematic areas would support access to Horizon Europe calls, lower entry barriers for newcomers, and improve the overall quality of proposals
-Facilitation of entry by new players in projects within thematic areas
-Foster matchmaking activities to link up potential participants from widening countries with emerging consortia in this thematic area
-Increase cooperation of NCPs with the Enterprise Europe Network


-Develop specialised services covering different thematic areas of the cluster, drawing on the expertise of the predecessor networks
-Improved cohesion of the services in the three thematic areas of Digital, Industry and Space, with a single entry point and common visual identity
-Share good practices across thematic areas, and enhance opportunities for collaboration across the cluster

Digital, Industry and Space
€9 Million
Research & Innovation Action

“To ensure safety of CCAM, it is essential that vehicles are not only safe during the (first) type approval, but also during their complete lifetime in a fast-changing road transport system. Changes can result from the evolution of the CCAM system itself, for example, as a result of increasing connectivity using V2X communication, the use of AI-based systems, and (OTA: over-the-air) software updates. The traffic system, in which CCAM systems are being deployed, is changing at a rapid pace as well, with an increased market share of vehicles with higher levels of automation, new (personal) mobility devices and autonomous mobility robots (e.g., for package delivery).

-Develop validation methodology for scenario-based safety assurance of AI-based CCAM functions
-Develop validation procedures for CCAM systems that rely on V2X for safety-critical functions i.e., the inclusion of the connectivity context
-Develop an approach for a continuous safety validation methodology, to monitor the safety state of deployed CCAM systems in operation (real traffic) during its service life, following type approval
-Develop tools that ensure the relevant degree of detail and the appropriate representation of other road users’ behaviour in virtual scenario-based testing
-Develop a safety assurance methodology that incorporates the assessment of Human Machine Interaction concepts for higher levels of automation ensuring safe communication between driver and vehicle and between vehicle and other road users, making Human Machine Interaction inclusive

-Safe scaling up of the deployment of CCAM systems for all levels of automation, including systems that for part of the driving phases rely on human-machine interaction
-Assurance of vehicle safety despite system changes, e.g., due to software updates and data exchanges between vehicles and the infrastructure
-Facilitating the introduction of fast developing technological innovations in the CCAM system’s functionality, such as AI.”

Closed Calls

Digital, Industry and Space
€15 Million
Innovation Action
Digital, Industry and Space
€8 Million
Innovation Action
Digital, Industry and Space
€0.2 Million

The study has the following specific objectives:1. to provide an objective qualitative and quantitative assessment of the implementation of the Union’s current 2 GHz MSS framework, to give an overview of the 2 GHz MSS spectrum usage and services offered. The analysis should pay special attention to any divergences that may have arisen in implementation at national level;2. to outline current state of play as well as developments and trends in the broader satellite connectivity market globally (e.g. new entrants, services, orbits, mergers), the competitive landscape, the drivers at EU level and globally and the role of the EU players;3. to outline possible usage scenarios for the 2 GHz spectrum after 2027, in line with relevant EU policies and programmes, including the Digital Decade targets and upcoming Secure Connectivity programme.


-Assess implementation of EU’s 2 GHz MSS framework, focusing on national-level divergences.
-Analyze global satellite connectivity market, including new entrants, services, orbits, mergers, and competitive landscape.
-Identify drivers at EU and global levels and the role of EU players.
-Outline potential usage scenarios for 2 GHz spectrum post-2027, aligned with EU policies and programs (Digital Decade targets, Secure Connectivity Programme).


-Take stock of the implementation of the regulatory framework and state of play of the use of the 2 GHz frequency band for MSS in the EU
-Overview of the larger satellite connectivity market
-Examination of the link between the satellite space license and the national spectrum usage rights and general authorisations
-Outlook on the use cases for the 2 GHz frequency band

Digital, Industry and Space
€11.3 Million

The Copernicus Global Land Service will procure a dynamic global land surface characterization, global annual land cover mapping and tropical forest monitoring products at 10m resolution. The procurement will ensure the continuity of the production of the Global Land Cover map collection, the provision of a continuous dynamic generation of land surface and cover characteristics on sub-annual and annual basis and the development and implementation of a tropical forest monitoring component.

The core objectives of this call for services are a continuation and an enhancement of the implementation and operation of the global land cover and land cover change product generation, including the generation of specific forest products.


-Continuity of Copernicus Global Land Cover map collection.
-Generation of land surface and cover characteristics on sub-annual and annual basis.
-Development and implementation of tropical forest monitoring component.
-Improvement of land cover products: Finer spatial and temporal resolutions, higher accuracies, and use-oriented results.
-Provision of products at sub-annual time intervals in near real time.
-Frequent updates of land surface and land cover characteristics.

Climate, Energy and Mobility
€1 Million

Support DG Mobility and Transport in addressing new business opportunities as well as new challenges of autonomous vessel operations on inland waterways, supporting the digitalisation and sustainability challenges of the EU.


-Define minimum requirements for safe and secure navigation of automated vessels on European inland waterways, considering technical, operational, and regulatory aspects.
-Conduct pilots utilizing EU Space data (Galileo, EGNOS, Copernicus) to demonstrate and validate the findings. Contribute to the EU policy framework for automated vessels on inland waterways and support the work of CESNI.


Specific Tasks:
-Definition of operational scenarios
-Identification of user requirements
-Safety case definition and design
-Identification and analysis of challenges and barriers for automated vessels
-Prototype development and design of pilot projects
-Implementation, demonstration and validation of pilot projects
-Outreach activities and advisory group