In line with Farm to Fork Strategy, the Biodiversity Strategy for 2030, the Soil Strategy for 2030 and the EU Action Plan: ‘Towards Zero Pollution for Air, Water and Soil’, proposals should demonstrate scalable breakthrough innovations (technological, business, social and governance) to reduce fertilizer use and to prevent and minimise soil and water pollution from excess nutrients (especially nitrogen and phosphorus) in the landscape-river catchment-sea system, including coastal ecosystems, in the Mediterranean Sea basin.
-Upstream prevention/reduction of nutrient losses from soil and pollution with nutrients of soil and water, such as through reduction in the use of fertilizers, improved nutrient retention in soil and slower release to crops, improved nutrient use efficiency, integrated landscape and soil management, reduction of nutrient losses from rural and urban communities
-Prevention of entry of nutrients in river catchments area and/or their reduction, such as reduction of nutrient losses from agricultural and other practices, improved wastewater treatment, use of green filters and other measures for the reduction of the flow of nutrients through the river system and prevention/reduction of their entry into the estuary/sea
-Measures reducing/eliminating excess nutrients from the estuary/sea to reduce and/or eliminate the risk of eutrophication.
-Innovative, reproducible solutions to prevent, minimise and remediate soil and water pollution from excess nutrients (especially nitrogen and phosphorus) in the landscape-river catchment-sea system and transition waters in the Mediterranean Sea basin
-Accelerated uptake of innovative solutions to reduce the use of fertilizers and to prevent, minimize and remediate nutrient pollution and to reduce ocean and inland water eutrophication
-Effective monitoring of nutrient pollution in line with existing methodologies under the Marine Strategy Framework Directive and under the Water Framework Directive