EGNSS and Copernicus applications fostering the European Green Deal
User-oriented solutions building on environmental observation to monitor critical ecosystems and biodiversity loss and vulnerability
Data and technologies for the inventory, fast identification and monitoring of endangered wildlife and other species groups
Fight against firearms trafficking
Climate, Energy and Mobility
Firearms are the lifeblood of organised crime in Europe as well as worldwide.
Firearms trafficking is a big enabler of organised crime and terrorism.
– developing technological solutions for addressing new threats such as 3D printed firearms
– improving the intelligence picture in firearms trafficking developing solutions to facilitate and approximate a systematic collection on data on all firearms seizures
– developing a European-level tool tracking in real-time all firearms-related incidents or shootings and extracting continuously
– increasing knowledge on the legal limitations and room for improvement in police and judicial cooperation in the field of firearms trafficking, developing tools to enable automated cross-border exchange of ballistics information
– improving international cooperation by supporting operational cooperation between the Police Authorities and other relevant security practitioners of the EU and of third countries
– Contribution to the implementation of the 2020-2024 EU Action Plan on firearms trafficking;
– Improved intelligence picture of firearms trafficking in Europe
– Harmonised procedures in the investigation of trans-border crimes in full compliance
with applicable legislation on protection of personal data
– Improved cooperation between European Police and Border Guards Authorities, as well
as with international actors, in tackling this form of crime
– Strengthened ability of security practitioners to identify organised crime networks involved in firearms trafficking in an early stage
– Enhanced ability of security practitioners to prevent the emergence of organised crime networks involved in firearms trafficking, and respond to the threat of existing organisations
Fight against organised environmental crime
Civil Security for Society
Environmental crime breaches environmental legislation and causes significant harm or risk to the environment, climate and/or human health. Environmental crime is highly lucrative, but the sanctions are low, and it is often harder to detect than more traditional forms of organised crime. These crimes present a high risk for the environment, climate and health, and are very harmful to society as a whole. The extent of the problem is clearly demonstrated by waste trafficking, which is characterised by the clear interconnection between criminal actors and legal businesses.
Law Enforcement Agencies) LEAs need new means, both technological and intelligence-based, to prevent and combat illegal environment-related activities, such as illegal waste dumping (e.g., developing or improving existing technologies able to differentiate such substances from non-pollutant components, possibly involving remote sensing approaches), in detecting hazardous waste (e.g., fuel or electronic equipment), and in having a complete intelligence picture of this type of crime.
– Improved intelligence picture of organised environmental crime in Europe.
– Improved tools and innovative training curricula for European LEAs and Border Guards Authorities, validated against practitioners’ needs and requirements.
– Improved cooperation between European LEAs, Border Guards Authorities and other national Authorities involved in tackling this form of crime.
– Improved cooperation with third countries and international actors involved in the fight against environmental crime.
– Enhanced ability of security practitioners to identify and prevent emergent and existing organised crime networks involved in environmental crime.
– Increased ability of public services to detect places of illegal waste storage.
– Shaping and tuning of environmental crime regulation.
Fight against trafficking in cultural goods
Civil Security for Society
Research & Innovation Action
Trafficking in cultural goods has become one of the most profitable criminal activities for organised crime groups and the booming art and antiquity market is creating new business models for organised crime. At the same time, the art and antiquity market is also one of the least regulated markets in Europe, characterised by a lack of traceability.
– Robust research on methodologies that prioritise new data collection and analysis, and applications towards the development of evidence-based policy.
– Proposals should support the gathering of intelligence and the development of tools that relevant practitioners need to fight this crime and to collect actionable (cross-border) evidence acceptable in court
Improved and validated tools (including the lawful court-proof collection of crime evidence) for European Police Authorities, Border Guards and Customs Authorities to tackle criminal activities related to trafficking of cultural goods.
Grasping rural diversity and strengthening evidence
for tailored policies enhancing the contribution of rural
communities to ecological, digital and social transitions
Food, Bioeconomy, Natural Resources, Agriculture and Environment
Research & Innovation Action
The EU aims to lead just digital, economic and ecological transitions that will leave no one behind. Close to one third of EU citizens live in rural areas, which represent 83% of the EU territory and supply the whole of society with essential goods and services. These broad figures hide a variety of situations, challenges and opportunities regarding the aforementioned transitions that the current evidence base insufficiently captures.
The design of positive governance frameworks and policy interventions for rural communities is hampered by i) the lack of conceptual frameworks that properly grasp the role of rural areas and communities in sustainable development and sustainability transitions; ii) a lack of data on several aspects at the right geographic scale, in particular on climate and environment performance and on social challenges, quality of life and well-being. The lack of data at the right geographical scale (local in many cases) is hampered by the technical and economic difficulties of finer data collection.
Proposals should explore innovative and out-of-the box ways to describe and characterise rural areas or various forms or degrees of rurality in multi-dimensional ways, screening a wide range of possible (including new) data sources going beyond conventional indicators such as population density and settlement configuration. They should analyse national and other definitions and approaches and engage with stakeholders to understand their perspectives on rurality. Proposals should define and describe functional linkages between various localities and territories and explore and develop ways to apply functional geography approaches to rural areas (e.g. developing the concept of functional rural area), learning from past work and failures on such approaches. Trade-offs in selected approaches should be analysed in regional and national contexts highlighting geographical differences.
– More evidence-based, place-based, integrated and tailored policies, strategies and governance frameworks at local, regional, national and EU levels to drive the sustainable transition of rural areas and communities, building on the specific outcomes below;
– A refined understanding by policy-makers and rural actors of the diversity of rural situations, and of the challenges and opportunities associated with megatrends, potential major shocks and upcoming transitions, in particular climate, environmental and social challenges, to tailor policy interventions to local realities;
– A refined understanding by policy-makers and rural actors of functional characteristics of territories, functional relations between rural places and other rural and/or urban places within a territorial continuum and the importance of these relations for sustainable development, to design synergistic approaches favouring a networked and interlinked development; and
– A refined assessment by policy-makers of the impact of all current and upcoming policies on rural communities (rural proofing), including sectoral or thematic policies (such as climate, energy, mobility, digitalisation, health and social inclusion), or policy frameworks designed to accompany sustainability transitions in general, to tailor interventions to maximise possibilities for rural communities to contribute to and benefit from these transitions.
Health impacts of climate change
costs and benefits of action and
Research & Innovation Action
The European Green Deal refocused the European Commission’s commitment of tackling climate and environment-related challenges. It also aims to protect, conserve and enhance the EU’s natural capital, and protect the health and well-being of citizens from environment-related risks and impacts. In addition to aiming for climate neutrality by 2050, the Commission adopted a more ambitious EU strategy on adaptation to climate change on 24 February 2021. This is essential, as climate change will continue to create significant stress in Europe in spite of the mitigation efforts.
The aim of this topic is the identification, monitoring and quantification of direct and indirect impacts on human health, including in occupational settings, and related risk factors correlated to climate change, especially in vulnerable population groups such as children or in groups at risk such as workers. Innovative surveillance tools are further required to ensure a timely response to emerging threats, to feed and strengthen early warning systems, and to enable the design, monitoring and evaluation of interventions. This may include mathematical modelling with big data and artificial intelligence (AI), remote sensing, citizen science and biomarkers of exposure or virulence.
– Research on the relationships between changes in environmental hazards caused by climate change, the impacts on interrelated ecosystems and their influence on human health;
– Climate induced emergence and transmission of pathogens and spread of zoonotic pathogens using Eco-health and One Health approaches;
– Development of predictive models and early warning systems for exposure and health impacts of climate change based on transparent assumptions and architecture;
– Development of tools for health impact and cost-benefit assessment of climate-change adaptation and mitigation measures;
– Investigation of health co-benefits of adaptation and mitigation policy measures outside the health sector;
– Demonstration of the validity of tools and methods developed in the above listed activities in policy-relevant case studies;
– Determination of the societal implications of climate change on health systems, including occupational health, and development of adaptation measures;
– Development of training materials and guidelines to educate relevant actors in citizens’ daily life on climate change health impacts and to facilitate adaptation of health systems and practices;
– Delivery of FAIR data on positive and negative health impacts of climate change, including impact on groups at higher risk or vulnerability.-