Study on Mobile Satellite Services (MSS) in the 2 GHz Band in the EU – Implementation of the Current Regulatory Framework and an Overview of the Satellite Connectivity Market

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Open Call Reference: CNECT/2023/OP/0019

The study has the following specific objectives:1. to provide an objective qualitative and quantitative assessment of the implementation of the Union’s current 2 GHz MSS framework, to give an overview of the 2 GHz MSS spectrum usage and services offered. The analysis should pay special attention to any divergences that may have arisen in implementation at national level;2. to outline current state of play as well as developments and trends in the broader satellite connectivity market globally (e.g. new entrants, services, orbits, mergers), the competitive landscape, the drivers at EU level and globally and the role of the EU players;3. to outline possible usage scenarios for the 2 GHz spectrum after 2027, in line with relevant EU policies and programmes, including the Digital Decade targets and upcoming Secure Connectivity programme.


-Assess implementation of EU’s 2 GHz MSS framework, focusing on national-level divergences.
-Analyze global satellite connectivity market, including new entrants, services, orbits, mergers, and competitive landscape.
-Identify drivers at EU and global levels and the role of EU players.
-Outline potential usage scenarios for 2 GHz spectrum post-2027, aligned with EU policies and programs (Digital Decade targets, Secure Connectivity Programme).


-Take stock of the implementation of the regulatory framework and state of play of the use of the 2 GHz frequency band for MSS in the EU
-Overview of the larger satellite connectivity market
-Examination of the link between the satellite space license and the national spectrum usage rights and general authorisations
-Outlook on the use cases for the 2 GHz frequency band

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