Ocean and coastal waters carbon- and biodiversity-rich ecosystems and habitats in Europe and the Polar Regions

Open Call Reference: HORIZON-CL6-2023-CLIMATE

The ocean and coastal ecosystems and habitats play a significant role in the global carbon cycle, representing the largest long-term carbon sink. Over the past decade, research efforts to understand the ocean and blue carbon sinks and utilize their potential in climate mitigation frameworks has increased. There are remaining research gaps for advancing opportunities to incorporate potential ocean and blue carbon ecosystems into climate frameworks.

Actions should aim at developing innovative approaches to address only one of the following options:
– Option A: European and polar blue carbon hotspots and priority areas for climate policy
frameworks and effective management (TRL 3-5). The research actions should map European and polar blue carbon hotspots and priority areas for carbon sequestration and climate change mitigation potential.
– Option B: Uncover mitigation opportunities of newly emerging European and polar blue carbon habitats (TRL 2-4). The research action should conduct exploratory research into potentially new habitats emerging that could yield both mitigation and biodiversity benefits, if appropriately managed.

– Better understood and enhanced mitigation potential of ecosystems
– Advanced understanding and science in support of adaptation and resilience of natural and managed marine and polar ecosystems
– Climate change mitigation fostered through the maintenance and enhancement of natural carbon sinks and stocks
– Better understood impact of climate change on coastal zones and improved adaptive capacity of ocean systems
– Uncovered mitigation opportunities of newly emerging European and polar blue carbon habitats
– Reduced knowledge gaps for enabling the inclusion of these carbon- and biodiversity-rich marine habitats
– Significant contributions made to the implementation of the European Green Deal

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