Environmental crime breaches environmental legislation and causes significant harm or risk to the environment, climate and/or human health. Environmental crime is highly lucrative, but the sanctions are low, and it is often harder to detect than more traditional forms of organised crime. These crimes present a high risk for the environment, climate and health, and are very harmful to society as a whole. The extent of the problem is clearly demonstrated by waste trafficking, which is characterised by the clear interconnection between criminal actors and legal businesses.
Law Enforcement Agencies) LEAs need new means, both technological and intelligence-based, to prevent and combat illegal environment-related activities, such as illegal waste dumping (e.g., developing or improving existing technologies able to differentiate such substances from non-pollutant components, possibly involving remote sensing approaches), in detecting hazardous waste (e.g., fuel or electronic equipment), and in having a complete intelligence picture of this type of crime.
– Improved intelligence picture of organised environmental crime in Europe.
– Improved tools and innovative training curricula for European LEAs and Border Guards Authorities, validated against practitioners’ needs and requirements.
– Improved cooperation between European LEAs, Border Guards Authorities and other national Authorities involved in tackling this form of crime.
– Improved cooperation with third countries and international actors involved in the fight against environmental crime.
– Enhanced ability of security practitioners to identify and prevent emergent and existing organised crime networks involved in environmental crime.
– Increased ability of public services to detect places of illegal waste storage.
– Shaping and tuning of environmental crime regulation.