Horizon Europe is the European Union’s newest seven-year research and innovation programme. Running from 2021 to 2027, its design will allow Horizon Europe to serve all the headline ambitions of the Political Guidelines of the European Commission. The programme’s general objective is to deliver scientific, technological, economic and societal impact from the Union’s investments in R&I, to strengthen the scientific and technological bases of the Union, and foster its competitiveness in all Member States.
With a proposed budget of €100 billion over seven years, Horizon Europe is the largest EU’s largest R&I framework programme ever and responsibility for delivering on it will make you a partner in delivering on Executive Vice-President Vestager’s mandate to ‘maximise the contribution of investment in research and innovation in supporting our policy objectives’. Horizon Europe has the potential to generate significant economic, social and scientific returns. According to the impact assessment, Horizon Europe has the potential to deliver up to €11 in Gross Domestic Product (GDP) gains for every euro invested, create up to 320,000 new highly skilled jobs by 2040 and consolidate Europe’s leadership in research and innovation.
Crucially, Horizon Europe is designed with an investment mind-set rather than as a ‘funding’ instrument; and built to help the EU make the transition to a sustainable and prosperous future.
The structure of Horizon Europe is designed around three pillars and an underpinning component:
Pillar 1: Excellent Science
The Excellent Science pillar supports frontier research projects designed and driven by researchers through the European Research Council (ERC). It also funds fellowships and a mobility of researchers through Marie Skłodowska-Curie Actions, and invests in world-class research infrastructures.
Pillar 2: Global Challenges and European Industrial Competitiveness
The Global Challenges and European Industrial Competiveness pillar supports research into societal challenges, reinforces technological and industrial capacities, and sets EU-wide missions with ambitious goals tackling some of our biggest problems (health, climate change, clean energy, mobility, security, digital, materials, etc.). It will also support partnerships with Member States, industry and other stakeholders to work jointly on research and innovation. It includes action by the Joint Research Centre that supports EU and national policymakers with independent scientific evidence and technical support. This pillar includes six focus area, referred to as clusters:
- Culture, creativity and inclusive society
- Civil security for society
- Digital, industry and space
- Climate, energy and mobility
- Food, bioeconomy, natural resources, agriculture and environment
Pillar 3: Innovative Europe
The Innovative Europe pillar aims to make Europe a frontrunner in market-creating innovation and SME growth through the European Innovation Council. It will help develop the overall European innovation landscape. The European Institute of Innovation and Technology (EIT) will continue to foster the integration of business, research, higher education and entrepreneurship.
Widening participation and strengthening the European Research Area
The fourth component underpins the whole of Horizon Europe. It will support EU Member States in their efforts to unlock their national research and innovation potential and it will especially help low R&I performing Member States to participate better in Horizon Europe.
Horizon Europe is not just about grants to enable European R&I. Spending money would deliver few lasting results if the broader framework for R&I is not effective and efficient. Horizon Europe is also a powerful tool to give direction to European R&I and to European policy. It brings together partners from science, innovation and business, to jointly develop agendas, to divide the work, and to focus on framework conditions such as regulation to improve the R&I ecosystem as a whole.
Horizon Europe: Novelties
One of the main novelty on Horizon Europe is the mission-driven approach that are linked to key societal challenges and relevant to a broad range of stakeholders as well as to citizens. The answers to the direction of the programme to have an ‘investment mind-set’ with a project portfolio approach. Since they are new, missions are by definition ‘experimental’. They provide a learning lab for policy experimentation with a view to planning and co-creating R&I with all the EU policies concerned but also with concerned stakeholders and citizens. Ultimately, they should deliver European public goods on some of the issues that matter most to people. The five mission areas are: adaptation to climate change including societal transformation, cancer, healthy oceans, seas, coastal and inland waters, climate-neutral and smart cities and health soil and food.
The European Innovation Council is another key novelty of Horizon Europe; it is the one-stop shop for innovation to bring the most promising ideas and breakthrough innovations from lab to real-world application and help the most innovative start-ups and companies to scale up.
Horizon Europe: Financing
Under the next MFF (2021-27) all EU access to (risk) finance instruments will be implemented under a single Invest EU Fund. DG Research & Innovation is involved in two windows of InvestEU: the R&I Window and the SME Window.
The R&I window aims to make financing for innovation available across the innovation cycle and corporate development cycle. The challenge will be to develop a window that is both inclusive (accommodating financing for R&I of all types) and at the same time fully in line with specific missions/global challenges of the next FP. For the SME window, DG Research & Innovation is in charge of the equity sub-window.
The only exceptions are the European Innovation Council’s specific financial instruments, which will be funding extremely promising but high-risk projects that cannot meet the ‘bankability’ criteria of InvestEU. In close synergy with InvestEU, the EIC Accelerator, in its blended finance and equity financial support forms, will finance projects run by SMEs, including start-ups. In exceptional cases, small mid-caps will also be financed, if they are not yet able to generate revenues, be profitable, or able to attract sufficient investments to fully implement their projects. Such eligible entities will be considered as non-bankable. Once they will become bankable, those projects may, in a later stage of their development, be financed under InvestEU. Crucial decisions for the future will include how to organise the interface of Horizon Europe (and all other legacy programmes with internal financial instruments) with the future InvestEU Fund.
The crosscutting nature of R&I Horizon Europe will promote synergies with other EU programmes including Euratom, the European Regional Development Fund, the Common Agricultural Policy, InvestEU, the European Defence Fund, ITER, the Digital Europe Programme, and the Connecting Europe Facility.
Horizon Europe for Space Data Solutions
The Horizon Europe programme covers all areas of educational, governmental and industrial innovation, across all aspects of a future society. These aspects can be found most obviously under the clusters defined in pillar 2. Although ‘space’ is included with digital and industry in cluster 4, this is not the most obvious cluster to find Earth Observation and GNSS application domains. Space data organisations will find interesting opportunities under all six clusters, but most specifically under clusters 3, 5 and 6:
- Civil security for society (cluster 3)
- Climate, energy and mobility (cluster 5)
- Food, bioeconomy, natural resources, agriculture and environment (cluster 6)
‘Missions’ in Horizon Europe
In addition to the pillars, the Horizon Europe framework includes ‘missions‘. These missions are commitments to solve some of the greatest challenges facing our world like fighting cancer, adapting to climate change, protecting our oceans, living in greener cities and ensuring soil health and food. They are an integral part of the Horizon Europe framework programme beginning in 2021.
Each mission will operate as a portfolio of actions – such as research projects, policy measures or even legislative initiatives – to achieve a measurable goal that could not be achieved through individual actions.
EU missions will contribute to the goals of the European Green Deal, Europe’s Beating Cancer Plan as well as the Sustainable Development Goals.
Five mission boards were formed to help specify, design and implement missions for Horizon Europe. Their formation was the result of an open call for expressions of interest.
The five mission areas, each of which will have one or more missions, are the following. Click the links to go to the official page for the mission, including mission examples.
- adaptation to climate change including societal transformation
- healthy oceans, seas coastal and inland waters
- climate-neutral and smart cities
- soil health and food
At least four of these five mission areas have strong links to the opportunities of space data, offering good opportunities for space data organisations to get involved.
When will missions begin?
A preparatory phase began in November 2020, and will last a maximum of 12 months.
Plans with detailed actions, investment strategy and performance indicators will be developed during this phase. At the end of it, missions will be assessed against a set of robust criteria. Once approved, missions will get fully up and running. Europeans will continue to be engaged throughout their implementation.
You can follow the further development of these missions under hashtag #EUmissions on social media.